Hammertoes, Claw Toes and Mallet Toes

Hammer toes refers to an abnormal bending of the small joints of the toes of the foot.

In this case, the muscle which contracts the toes inwards or downwards has overpowered the muscle which contracts to make the toes straight. The toe therefore bends at the middle joint and appears like a hammer. Shoes that do not fit properly can also cause this deformity. It does not correct itself, and you must consult with your podiatrist to make sure it does not worsen with time.

Claw toes refers to a deformity which is seen as complete bending of the toes at both of its smaller joints. One joint causes the bone to bend upwards and the other to bend downwards, creating a claw shaped toe.

In mallet toes, the last joint is bent downwards.